WASHINGTON (CBS News) — A federal judge on Monday paved the way for an effort to disqualify GOP Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene of Georgia from running for reelection over her role in the January 6 assault on the U.S. Capitol to proceed.

The challenge to Greene’s candidacy was mounted by a group of five voters from her congressional district who argued she is ineligible to run for federal office under a provision of the 14th Amendment that was ratified after the Civil War and meant to keep former Confederate officers and officials from holding public office again.

READ MORE: Elon Musk Explores The Limits Of Tesla's 'Self-Driving' Technology

In a challenge filed with Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger in late March, the voters argued Greene “voluntarily aided and engaged” in the January 6 insurrection to obstruct the peaceful transfer of power, thereby disqualifying her from serving as a member of Congress under the constitutional provision.

READ MORE: Baby Formula Arrives In Indianapolis From Germany On US Military Aircraft

Greene asked a federal court in Atlanta to intervene in the effort from the group of voters, seeking a preliminary injunction and temporary restraining order. But Judge Amy Totenberg of U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Georgia rebuffed Greene’s request, finding she failed to establish a strong likelihood of success on the legal merits of the case.

“This case involves a whirlpool of colliding constitutional interests of public import,” Totenberg wrote in her 73-page decision. “The novelty of the factual and historical posture of this case — especially when assessed in the context of a preliminary injunction motion reviewed on a fast track — has made resolution of the complex legal issues at stake here particularly demanding.”

MORE NEWS: Tiger Woods Withdraws From PGA Championship

Click here for more details from CBS News.