ATLANTA (CBS ATLANTA) — Drinking coffee regularly may decrease the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by up to 25 percent.

A new study finds that regular, moderate coffee consumption of three-to-four cups each day is associated with an approximately 25 percent reduced risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

The report from the World Congress on Prevention of Diabetes shows that regular but not decaffeinated coffee was much more protective against type 2 diabetes in women of all ethnic groups than in men. Also, caffeine is unlikely to be responsible for the protective effects of coffee against diabetes.

One study showed that both caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee are both related to a lower risk of type 2 diabetes.

The report highlighted a few key theories of the relationship between coffee consumption and diabetes. The “Energy Expenditure Hypothesis” suggests that caffeine in coffee stimulates one’s metabolism and increases energy expenditure.

Another theory was the “Carbohydrate Metabolic Hypothesis” which suggests that coffee components play a key role influencing the glucose balance within the body.

The report noted that more than 370 million people worldwide have diabetes, which makes it one of the most widespread, worldwide health problems.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that among U.S. residents aged 65 years and older, 10.9 million, or 26.9 percent, had diabetes in 2010.

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