ATLANA (CBS Atlanta) – A new study has found that wearing gowns and gloves in intensive care units does little to prevent the spread of Staphylococcus aureus or Enterococcus, known also as MRSA and VRE respectively.

A team at the University of Maryland School of Medicine led by Dr. Anthony Harris conducted a randomized trial in 20 hospital medical and surgical intensive care units throughout the country from January to October of last year, Medical News Today is reporting.

In all, swabs from a reported 26,180 patients in the selected ICUs were taken during admission and discharge. A total of 92,241 swabs were said to have been tested for the study.

After examining the samples, researchers found that no significant difference was made in preventing the spread of MRSA to patients as a result of wearing gloves or gowns. In regards to VRE, gloves and gowns did not prevent transmission at all, according to Medical News Today.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta state that MRSA, while a bacteria, is resistant to most antibiotics, and can lead to “life-threatening bloodstream infections, pneumonia and surgical site infections.” CDC researchers also stated that VRE infections tend to cause infections “of the urinary tract, the bloodstream, or of wounds associated with catheters or surgical procedures.”

The study was said to have been published on the website of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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